People
Prof. Dr. Thomas Speck

Prof. Dr. Thomas Speck

Spokesperson

Principal Investigator Research Areas B, C and D

Full Professor for Botany: Functional Morphology and Biomimetics
Director of the Botanic Garden
Faculty of Biology | Institute for Biology II
University of Freiburg

Phone: +49 761 203 2875
E-Mail: thomas.speck@biologie.uni-freiburg.de

Areas of Expertise

Biomimetics | Biomechanics | Plant evolution | Plant movements | Didactics of biomimetics

Publications

Peak values of twist-to-bend ratio in triangular flower stalks of Carex pendula: a study on biomechanics and functional morphology*
Speck, O., Steinhart, F., & Speck, T. (2020). Peak values of twist-to-bend ratio in triangular flower stalks of Carex pendula: a study on biomechanics and functional morphology. American Journal of Botany 107(11): 1–9. doi: 10.1002/ajb2.1558

Multi-material 3D-printer for rapid prototyping of bioinspired soft robotic elements*
Conrad, S., Speck, T., & Esser, F.J. (2020). Multi-material 3D-printer for rapid prototyping of bioinspired soft robotic elements. In Biomimetic and Biohy-brid Systems, Living Machines 2020. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence LNAI. Springer International Publishing, Cham. Status: accepted

Biohybrid wind energy generators based on living plants*
Meder, F., Thielen, M., Naselli, G.A., Taccola, S., Speck, T., & Mazzolai, B. (2020). Biohybrid wind energy generators based on living plants. In Biomimetic and Biohy-brid Systems, Living Machines 2020. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence LNAI. Springer International Publishing, Cham. Status: accepted

Searching and Intertwining: Climbing Plants and GrowBots*
Gallentine, J., Wooten, M. B., Thielen, M., Walker, I. D., Speck, T., & Niklas, K. (2020). Searching and Intertwining: Climbing Plants and GrowBots. Front. Robot. AI 7: 118. doi: 10.3389/frobt.

Fracture mechanics of the endocarp of Cocos nucifera*
Schmier, S., Jentzsch, M., Speck, T., & Thielen, M. (2020). Fracture mechanics of the endocarp of Cocos nucifera. Materials & Design, 195, 108944. doi: 10.1016/j.matdes.2020.108944

Comparative analyses of the self-sealing mechanisms in leaves of Delosperma cooperi and Delosperma ecklonis (Aizoaceae)*
Hesse, L., Kampowski, T., Leupold, J., Caliaro, S., T. Speck, & Speck, O. (2020). Comparative Analyses of the Self-Sealing Mechanisms in Leaves of Delosperma cooperi and Delosperma ecklonis (Aizoaceae). International journal of molecular sciences, 21(16), 5768. doi:10.3390/ijms21165768 (Special Issue: Plant Biomechanics)

Bamboo-inspired tubular scaffolds with functional gradients*
Yin, K., Mylo, M. D., Speck, T., & Wegst, U. G. (2020). Bamboo-inspired tubular scaffolds with functional gradients. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 103826. doi: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2020.103826

Snapping mechanics of the Venus flytrap Dionaea muscipula*
Sachse, R., Westermeier, A., Mylo, M. D., Nadasdi, J., Bischoff, M., Speck, T., & Poppinga, S. (2020). Snapping mechanics of the Venus flytrap (Dionaea muscipula). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(27), 16035-16042. doi: 10.1073/pnas.2002707117

Plant movements as concept generators for the development of biomimetic compliant mechanisms*
Poppinga, S., Correa, D., Bruchmann, B., Menges, A., & Speck, T. (2020). Plant movements as concept generators for the development of biomimetic compliant mechanisms. Integrative and Comparative Biology. doi: 10.1093/icb/icaa028

2D and 3D graphical datasets for bamboo-inspired tubular scaffolds with functional gradients: micrographs and tomograms*
Yin, K., Mylo, M. D., Speck, T., & Wegst, U. G. (2020). 2D and 3D graphical datasets for bamboo-inspired tubular scaffolds with functional gradients: micrographs and tomograms. Data in Brief, 31, 105870. doi: 10.1016/j.dib.2020.105870

Artificial Venus Flytraps: A Research Review and Outlook on Their Importance for Novel Bioinspired Materials Systems*
Esser, F., Auth, P., & Speck, T. (2020). Artificial Venus flytraps: a research review and outlook on their importance for novel bioinspired materials systems. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 7, 75. doi: 10.3389/frobt.2020.00075

Self-repair in cacti branches: comparative analyses of their morphology, anatomy and biomechanics*
Mylo, M. D., Krüger, F., Speck, T., & Speck, O.. (2020). Self-Repair in Cacti Branches: Comparative Analyses of Their Morphology, Anatomy, and Biomechanics. International journal of molecular sciences, 21(13), 4630. doi:10.3390/ijms21134630 (Special Issue: Plant Biomechanics)

Bio-inspired Lightweight Construction
Speck, T. (2020). In: Fratzl, P. , Jacobs, K. , Möller, M., Scheibel, T., & Sternberg, K. (eds.). Materials Research: Inspired by Nature - Innovation Potential of Biologically Inspired Materials, 37 – 38. acatech DISKUSSION, utzverlag, München.

Living Plant‐Hybrid Generators for Multidirectional Wind Energy Conversion*
Meder, F., Thielen, M., Mondini, A., Speck, T., & Mazzolai, B. (2020). Living Plant‐Hybrid Generators for Multidirectional Wind Energy Conversion. Energy Technology, 2000236., doi: 10.1002/ente.202000236

The Protective Role of Bark and Bark Fibers of the Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) during High-Energy Impacts
Bold, G., Langer, M., Börnert, L., & Speck, T. (2020). The Protective Role of Bark and Bark Fibers of the Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) during High-Energy Impacts. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 21(9), 3355. doi:10.3390/ijms21093355

4D pine scale: biomimetic 4D printed autonomous scale and flap structures capable of multi-phase movement*
Correa, D., Poppinga, S., Mylo, M. D., Westermeier, A. S., Bruchmann, B., Menges, A., & Speck, T. (2020). 4D pine scale: biomimetic 4D printed autonomous scale and flap structures capable of multi-phase movement. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 378(2167), 20190445. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2019.0445